What causes the basement to flood?

The basement of most homes is partially or fully underground which causes them to be completely surrounded by soil. This is one major reason basement flooding can easily occur even outside rainy season or when snow melts. Basement flooding can be caused by a number of factors including weather, pipe leakage or even a faulty drainage system.

Having a good knowledge of the probable potential causes of flooding in your basement will aid you in preparing your home against water damage. If you ever wake up to find your basement flooded, one of the following five causes could be the root of the problem;

1. DAMAGED DRAINAGE TILES

Drainage systems are built to channel excess water away from your home’s foundation to prevent flooding. When your drainage system is damaged, it becomes inefficient in performing this function and problems start to arise. If the tiles in your drainage system are damaged, your drainage system won’t be able to ward-off excess water from your home’s foundation and this could lead to the flooding of your basement.

2. IMPROPERLY INSTALLED DOWNSPOUTS

Downspouts are installed in homes to ward-off water from rain and melted snow away from the home and its foundation. Downspouts should be installed at least five feet away from the building and should channel water toward the drainage, backyard or gutter. A missing, faulty or improperly installed downspout means excess precipitation pooling around your foundation or entering your home through the windows. Whichever the case may be, your basement will most likely get flooded in no time if the default in your downspout is not corrected.

3. GUTTERS FULL OF DEBRIS

Gutters are major parts of your rain management system and when clogged can lead to flooding of both your home and basement. Gutters are built to collect and ward-off waters channeled down by the roof and downspout. When your gutter is clogged with debris, water collected from rain and melted snow can easily over flow, pooling around your home’s foundation and eventually flooding your basement. Basement waterproofing is a good way to prevent basement flooding caused by clogged gutters.

4. IMPROPERLY SEALED BASEMENTS

Proper sealing your tiles and foundation is a excellent way to prevent your home and basement from getting flooded. When the tiles and foundation are not properly sealed, water that pools around the foundation of our home will easily seep through the walls of the foundation into your home’s basement causing it to flood. Proper waterproofing of your basement is an excellent way to avert basement flooding in your home.

5. BROKEN SUPPLY LINES/APPLIANCES

Since a majority of supply lines runs through the basement of homes, whenever a leak or breakage occurs, flooding of your basement becomes inevitable. Also, appliances like washing machine, dish washer, hot water heater and water treatment system that are prone to leaks and pipe damages are often installed in the basement of homes. Damages in these appliances make your basement susceptible to flooding.

Dom Dannis Author